Wills and Succession 遺囑及繼承

Succession by Will

Any person over the age of 18 may make a will. A will is a legal document which sets out how a person’s assets are to be distributed after his or her death. The person making the will is called the ‘testator’ (or ‘testatrix’ if female).

If a person makes a will, he/she can arrange how his/her assets will be shared amongst relatives other than according to the law of intestate. At the same time, the testator / testatrix can appoint executor(s) (number of executors not to exceed FOUR) to manage and distribute the assets.

Under the laws of Hong Kong, you may make a will to say how your assets will be distributed. You need to appoint an executor, who can be trusted to carry out your wishes under the will. You may leave your assets to anyone, such as your spouse and child(ren), including your children with intellectual disability. However, if your children do not have the capacity to manage the assets, a guardian will need to be appointed to manage it on their behalf. You may also set up a trust by will, in which case your assets will not be passed to your children with intellectual disability directly, but will be held on trust by the trustee (who may also be your executor), who will continue to manage your property throughout the lifetime of your dependent with intellectual disability.

Intestate Succession

If you do not make a will, your assets will be distributed according to the laws of Hong Kong. In general, this means that your surviving spouse will inherit all your personal chattels (such as personal effects, household items, cars and jewellery) and the first HK$500,000 of the residual estate. Whatever that still remains will be divided into two halves, half for your surviving spouse and the other half will be shared by your children equally. If you do not have a surviving spouse, your assets will be shared by your children equally.

遺囑

任何年滿十八歲的人士,皆可訂立遺囑。遺囑是一份法律文件,用以列明一個人在身故後,其遺產將如何被分配,而訂立遺囑的人會被稱為「立遺囑人」。

訂立遺囑可以讓立遺囑人決定如何將其遺產分配給親人,而非根據無遺囑繼承法去分配。同時,立遺囑人可以委任一名或數名遺囑執行人(但不得超過四人)去管理及分發有關資產。

根據香港法律,你可以訂立遺囑,按你的意願在你去世後分派你的遺產。在訂立遺囑時,你需要委任一個可信賴的遺囑執行人,執行你的遺囑。你可以將遺產留給任何人,例如你的配偶和子女,包括有智力障礙的子女;但是由於他們未必能夠自行管理財產,你便有需要委任監護人代勞。你亦可以選擇在遺囑裏成立一個信託,不把遺產直接分派給智障子女,而是由遺囑執行人兼任受託人或委任其他人為受託人,繼續管理指定的遺產,以供養他們。

無遺囑繼承

如果你沒有訂立遺囑,你的遺產將會根據香港的法例進行分配。一般情況下,你尚存的配偶將會繼承你的非土地實產(如個人生活用品、家品、汽車、珠寶等)及剩餘遺產的首五十萬,之後再剩餘的遺產,一半會由你尚存的配偶繼承,另一半由而你所有的子女(包括智障子女)平分 。如果你的配偶在你離世時已經去世,你的子女將會平均分得全部遺產 。

Last updated: March 2016

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